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How to Conjugate Verbs in English?  Past, present and future

How to Conjugate Verbs in English? Past, present and future



Universal-choice, with studentsPublished on October 16, 2023

Study Time:

6 minutes

Learning a new language can seem daunting, but once you understand the basics, everything becomes much easier. One of the most important skills you need to master in English is verb conjugation. Don’t worry, in this article we’ll guide you step-by-step through the basic rules of English conjugation, and you’ll soon be conjugating verbs without thinking about them!

In English, as in French, verbs are conjugated according to the following persons:

  • First person singular: I → I am (always capitalized)

  • Second person singular: You → you

  • Third person singular: he, she → He, she

  • First person plural: We → We are

  • Second person plural: You → you

  • Third person plural: they, they → They are (without gender)

Important times

There are many Verb tenses in EnglishBut let’s start with the most common ones: Simple Present, Simple Past and Simple Future.

Simple Present

Simple present tense Very common. It is used to describe habitual actions, universal truths or permanent situations. For example: I read everyday. (I read every day.)

Simple past tense

The past simple is used Indicates completed actions In the past. For example: Yesterday he visited the museum. (He visited the museum yesterday.)

the future

The simple future tense is used Express the actions that take place In future. For example: They are going to Paris next month. (They will go to Paris next month.)

Fusion formation

Simply talking about the present

The simple present tense is formed according to the following structure:

Subject + Verb to infinitive (base of verb) (+ “s” third person singular)


To indicate: Third person “s” can become “es” or “ies” depending on the base of the verb.

When it becomes “es”:

  • The verb ends with an “s” → She kisses her mother goodbye.

  • Verb ending in “sh” or “c” → He brushes his teeth.

  • Verb ending with “o” → She goes to the doctor.

When the verb ends in “y” it becomes “ies”, unless there is another vowel before the “y”.


Talking about the past with the past

The past tense, more rarely called the simple past, is the most commonly used past tense in English. It is created according to the following structure:

Subject + verb in past form “ed” (verb base + “ed”)


  • Yesterday he worked from home. (Yesterday she worked at home.)

  • We have started a new series. (We’ve started a new series.)

English Irregular Verb

To indicate: There are many more Irregular verbs at Pioneer. Unlike regular verbs that follow predictable conjugation patterns, Irregular verbs There are unique patterns that need to be memorized. These verbs do not follow the usual rules for forming the past tense, which is very important to learn. It is recommended to learn them gradually to enrich your vocabulary and improve your written and oral expression. Regular practice and memorization of these specific forms will help you use them naturally in your communication.

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This is especially true for the companion “should be” (I was, you are, he/she was, we were, you are, they were) and modal verb”to do” It becomes “done” to all people.

Talking about the future with the simple future

The Future Simple is the easiest conjugation in English. It is formed for all pronouns and all verbs according to the following structure:

Subject + “will” + verb in infinitive (base of verb)


  • I will become an astronaut. (I will become an astronaut.)

  • She will find a solution. (She will find a solution.)

  • He will make the right decision. (He will make the right decision.)

To indicate: When we want to express a negation in the simple future, the auxiliary “will” becomes “will”, often shortened to “won’t”.


at other times

We have given you 3 main tenses in English but there are many more that can add depth to your discussions. Here are the most used ones:

  • The Current Continuity (present continuous or present progressive), used to describe actions taking place in the present.

  • The Current Correct (present perfect), used to describe actions that happened in the past but are relevant in the present.

  • The Present perfect progressive (Present Perfect Continuous) is used to talk about an action that started in the past and is continuing at the moment we are speaking.

  • The Past progressive (past continuous), used to describe actions that were ongoing in the past.

  • The More than perfect (Past Perfect), used to describe an action before another action in the past.

  • The In future (near future), used to describe actions in the near future.

  • The the future (future perfect), used to describe an action that will be completed at some point in the future.

  • The Conditional (conditional), used to express hypothetical actions, wishes, possibilities, or events dependent on a condition.

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With regular practice, you will soon get used to it Different verb forms of English You can use them with confidence. there Conjugation in English It’s an essential skill for effective communication, so explore and practice different verbs to enrich your mastery of the language. Good learning!

you want Progress in English And primary links? 100% online GlobalExam platform helps you improve in English depending on your level and your schedule. A number of quick activities and review sheets will help you make progress in mastering tenses and irregular verbs. Detailed revisions, statistics of your progress and Lots of tips from the blog Help you master the language of Shakespeare!