With the recent appearance of ChatGPT (developed by OpenAI) and other competing models (LLaMA, Bard), artificial intelligence (AI) has become increasingly prominent in the public debate. In this article, we will explore how to approach it in your English papers.
Basic vocabulary for talking about artificial intelligence
To discuss artificial intelligence in an English paper, it is essential to master the basic vocabulary associated with the field. Here are some essential terms:
Artificial Intelligence (AI) : This is a generic term for artificial intelligence. When referring to AI in your copy, use the abbreviation AI. Note.
Algorithm : Direct Algorithm Translation. It is a set of precise instructions given to a computer to perform a specific task.
Machine learning : This is a sub-category of AI that allows algorithms to learn and improve from data.
Big data : Large data sets that drive many AI applications.
Automation : A translation of automation, which is the process by which machines and software automate tasks previously performed by humans.
Ethical considerations : An expression used when discussing ethical questions raised by the use of AI.
The Cultural Dimension of Artificial Intelligence
AI is not just a technology. It also has a significant cultural dimension, which can be explored in your English papers.
Science fiction and AI
Science fiction plays a major role in how we view AI with movies like Blade Runner By Ridley Scott or Matrix The Wachowski Sisters.
Blade Runner Copies of humans depict a world called replicas (Representative), Created using AI, it is indistinguishable from real humans and raises complex questions about identity and humanity. Likewise, Matrix Explores a universe where machines have become so intelligent that they have enslaved humanity thanks to their artificial intelligence.
These bleak scenarios have helped reinforce the idea that AI could have negative consequences for our future. Thus fueling our fear and distrust of these emerging technologies.
Influence on creativity
We often see the creation of works of art like music, painting and cinema created by artificial intelligence. This situation raises an important question: Will AI be a simple tool at the service of artists or will it completely replace them?
A concrete example of this dilemma is the first prize in the creative category of the 2023 Sony World Photography Awards. The prize went to Boris Eldakson, but he turned it down, revealing that his winning film had not been made. Not by camera, but by artificial intelligence.
It should be noted that Boris Eldaksen is a recognized photographer and his gesture is a provocation.
Social Implications of AI
AI has profound social implications. Here are some key themes to discuss.
Application of artificial intelligence and automation
One of the most important debates surrounding AI is its impact on employment. Machines and algorithms are increasingly capable of performing tasks once assigned to humans. This raises concerns about job losses. A study by Frey and Osborne (The future of employment2013) – often found in ESH – is known in this regard.
The study estimates that 47% of jobs in the US are at risk of automation in the next two decades. It further demonstrates that salary and education level have a strong negative relationship with the probability of computerization of an occupation, which raises the problem of inequalities.
AI algorithms are not always unbiased and can perpetuate biases and discriminations. It is called Machine learning bias. Basically, AI models learn from data, and if the training data itself is biased or reflects existing biases, the model can follow those biases.
This can, for example, reinforce polarization in societies.
Ethical questions surrounding AI
One of the most important aspects of AI is its impact on ethics and morality.
You can explore these ethical questions in your English papers by exploring the moral dilemmas faced by developers, users, and society as a whole.
Liability in case of error
When machines make decisions, who is responsible if they make mistakes?
You can discuss these issues and propose solutions to ensure responsible use of AI. For example, when talking about automatic cars.
AI relies on large amounts of personal data (Big data) to develop (Machine learning)
This raises privacy issues, particularly the collection, storage and use of individuals' data.
Impact of Artificial Intelligence in Education
The idea that artificial intelligence will replace teachers is widespread, but given the importance of social interactions within classrooms, it is unlikely. However, the question of whether artificial intelligence can be controlled in some schools, as in some countries, has drawn much interest.
However, we can consider artificial intelligence as an indispensable tool. That's why Australia has taken the decision to allow the use of artificial intelligence like ChatGPT in all schools across the country from 2024. The move follows the official endorsement by Education Ministers of a national framework to guide the use of this new technology. In teaching.
Artificial Intelligence is a rich and complex subject that offers many opportunities for exploration in your English papers. Feel free to use concrete examples and refer to works of literature, works of art, movies, or current events. Here's a link to access all the resources in English so you can shine!
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