June 17, 2024

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Understand all about the present perfect!

Understand all about the present perfect!

There’s a tense used in English that oscillates between past and present, and you’ve probably already heard of it. This is called the present perfect. It is not difficult to understand, yet it is often neglected by students. Business Cool reveals all the secrets of this time, which soon you won’t have any secrets.

In fact, the present perfect is close to the past tense, but be careful if it seems like it’s not used in the same way. This is the reason why many French speakers have problems with this weather. But fear not, we will explain everything to you!

What is the current correct?

The present perfect is the past tense used in English, which is constructed using the subjunctive have and the past participle. This tense is mainly used to talk about a past action that is related to the present. It expresses an action that has a connection between the past and the present, which is why it can be confused with the past tense. Although similar to the past tense, these two tenses are actually very different because their logic is not the same.

The present perfect is so called because this form includes what is called the “perfect” present because it expresses a connection between the past and the present.

How is the present perfect formed?

The construction of the present perfect is this: present subjunctive HAVE (have, have) + past participle. Except for irregular verbs, the past participle ends in the verbal base + -ed! However, when speaking, the subjunctive has is often contracted into ‘ve or’.

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How to use the present perfect?

1. Concrete form

If you want to make a definite sentence in the present perfect, you should use the following structure:

Subject + should (+ adverb) + past participle + sentence complement.

2. Form of inquiry

On the other hand, if you want to use the interrogative form, in this case you need to change the subject and subjunctive. There are two possibilities:

  • Question word + adverb has + (adverb +) subject + past participle + sentence complement
  • Subjunctive + (adverb +) subject + past participle + sentence completion

3. Negative form

Finally, there is also the negative form, which could not be simpler to use, just add the negative word “not” after the subjunctive.

Subject + auxiliary have + not + past participle + sentence complement.

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What is the difference between past simple and present perfect?

These two periods are sometimes confused, although they are not related to each other. For good reason, the past simple is used to talk about a completed action without any consequence in the present. Instead, the present perfect is used to make a connection between the present and past events.

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How do you translate the present perfect into French?

In fact, the present perfect has no French equivalent. It can be translated into English as present, past or future.

Present tense with prepositions: for, since, just.

Past Tense: To take part

The future is perfect, with the phrases: during, soon, after, until, once, when.

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Some examples of present perfect sentences

To consolidate our understanding of the Present Perfect and allow you to use it with confidence, find some concrete examples of using the Present Perfect in different grammatical forms. These explanatory sentences will help you understand more deeply how the present perfect is used in practice, in affirmative, interrogative, negative contexts or even in its “be + ing” form.

Pledge:

  1. I have been to London twice. In this sentence, ” I visited (I visited) expresses the past action of going to London, but its use want Emphasizes connection with the present. This means that the experience of the visit has an impact or significance on the present.
  2. She has already read this book. saying” She has already read that book (She has already read this book), we presented a successful act of reading. However, ” has This indicates that the action has an impact on the present moment, perhaps in a conversation about books.

Interrogative form:

  1. Have you ever traveled abroad? By asking the question ” Have you ever traveled abroad?? (Have you ever traveled abroad?), we ask if the experience of traveling abroad has ever happened. The ” Always It emphasizes that it can be at any time from the past to the present.
  2. Has he seen this film before? question” Has he seen this film before? (Has he seen this film before?) It makes us wonder if he had the chance to see this film before. Again, ” has It refers to the relationship with the present.
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Negative Form:

  1. They haven’t finished their homework yet. Using negation, They haven’t finished their homework yet (They haven’t finished their homework yet), we communicate with the implication that the act of finishing the homework has not yet been completed and that it may still happen.
  2. She never visited this museum. saying” She never visited the museum (she has not visited this museum), we express an absence of action, i.e. we say that she has not yet had the opportunity to visit the museum in question.

The current form is correct

  1. I have been studying English for three years. By using the construction “i They study English for three years (I have been studying English for three years), we insist on a continuous period of English study. It emphasizes the progressive aspect of action.
  2. He has been with the company since 2010. He has been working in the company since 2010 (He has been with the company since 2010), we highlight his extended tenure at the company to emphasize that he is still working there.

Here are some concrete examples that illustrate the flexibility and richness of the Present Perfect in English. By incorporating them into your conversations, you will strengthen your mastery of these tenses and thus be better prepared to communicate in English.

Don’t forget practice is the way to improve a language!